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一百个必背黄金词组,二零一三年15月四六级作文

作者: 2017威尼斯登陆网站  发布:2019-11-30

  Directions: Write a composition entitled Generation Gap. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:

2017威尼斯登陆网站 1

  1. 现代生活越来越好,但老年人和年轻人之间的代沟却依然不可逾越

盼望着(恐惧着)盼望着(恐惧着),四六级又又又来了。

  2. 产生代沟的原因

在最后的冲刺阶段,小可爱们可以更多地关注一下作文和翻译,知米妞给大家整理了写译必备单词和词组,不熟悉的可以多写几遍,希望可以祝大家一臂之力~笔芯!

  3. 解决的办法

四六级写译必背200词

这些单词都是从历年真题中挑选出的写译高频词,因多次重复考到,请务必重视复习。

建议先筛选出生词,然后每天哪怕抄写一遍,你想记不住都很难!

写作必背:

a host of +n.(pl.)很多……。

作文万能句子:In contemporary society, it has become a trend for a host of individuals to .....

a case in point is …一个典型的例子就是……

convenient: adj. 方便的

常用结构:It is convenient for sb.to do sth.

entertainvt. 娱乐;招待。

名词形式entertainment

be occupied with something(头脑等)全神贯注于某件事物

intelligentadj. 聪明的;智能的。

intelligent control 智能控制

in large numbers大量地 。

作文万能句子:As a matter of fact, intelligent people in large numbers have come to realize the significance of.../ negative impacts of ...

negative: adj. 消极的;负面的。

消极影响即negative effects

impact: n. 影响,碰撞,冲击力;v.对...产生影响。

常用结构:have an impact on 对…有影响;对...造成冲击

phenomenonn. 现象,常说的厄尔尼诺现象即 el nino phenomenon

inadequateadj. 不足的

thought-provokingadj. 发人深思的

soberingadj. 令人警醒的

individualn. 个人

youngstern. 年轻人

apparentlyadv. 显然。

作文万能句子:Apparently, this picture/saying/chart/phenomenon can be naturally associated with the significance of .../the negative influences of .../ close relation between ...and ..../

intend to do sth.想要做某事

normaladj. 正常的

harmoniousadj. 和谐的。

Harmonious Society 和谐社会;

harmonious relationship 和睦关系

advisableadj. 明智的,可取的。

常用句式It is advisable to do sth.做…是明智的。

associatevt. 联系。

associate with v. 联合;与…联系在一起

certain某些……

addictionn. 上瘾,沉溺。

drug addiction 药物成瘾

contemporaryadj. 当今的。

Contemporary Society 当代社会

trend:n. 趋势,

follow the trend即跟随潮流

care for sth./sb.关心某事/某人

significantadj. 重要的;有意义的

I am convinced that …我相信……

It is of great necessity for sb. to do sth.某人做某事是很有有必要的

advocatevt. 倡导,提倡。

作文万能句子:Thus, we should educate, advocate and encourage our friends, classmates and acquaintances to cultivate this awareness/habit

rationaladj. 理性的。

rational choice 理性选择;理性抉择

do bear in mind ...牢记……,通常后面跟文章的主旨句。

enlighteningadj. 有启发性的

respond: vt. 回应

evidentlyadv. 明显地

incorrectadj. 不正确的

deemvt. 认为。

例句:I deem it advisable to buy property now.

我认为现在购置房地产是明智的

teenagern. (十几岁的)青少年

comprehensive: adj. 综合的。

综合素质:comprehensive quality

competence: n. 能力。

社交能力即social competence;

核心竞争力即core competence

talent: n. 人才 ;天赋。

talent for,有…的天赋

acquire: vt. 获得;得到,尤其指靠自己的努力而获得。

cooperation: n. 合作。

in cooperation with 与…合作

diligencen. 勤奋。

Diligence is the mother of success. [谚语]勤奋乃成功之母。

convenientadj. 方便的

efficientadj. 高效的

ignorevt. 忽视

essencen. 实质

communicativeadj. 交际的。

communicative competence 交际能力

a growing number of +n.(pl.)越来越多的+可数名词复数。此外表示越来越多,还可以用an increasing number of, a significant number of,a great number of等。

merelyadv. 仅仅

cultivate: vt. 培养。

cultivate talents 培养人才;

cultivate independence 培养独立性

awareness: n. 意识。

awareness of 意识到

overprotectvt. 过度保护

depend excessively on ...过度依赖……

rendervt. 致使;给予。

render services 提供服务

independencen. 独立

overprotectionn. 过度保护

翻译必背:

传统的  traditional

庆祝 celebrate vt. /celebration n.

装饰 decorate vt. /decoration n.

增加 enhance vt. /enhancement n.

民间的  folk

一千五百多年的历史 a history of more than 1500 years

960万平方公里的面积 an area of 9.6 million k㎡

流行的 popular/widespread/ prevalent

在明清期间 During the Ming and Qing Dynasties

用……美化  beautify …with

春节 the Spring Festival

除夕 the Spring Festival Eve/ the New Year’s Eve

喜庆的气氛/氛围 the joyous atmosphere

经常、频繁  often/ frequently/ usually

象征 symbol (n.) /symbolize (vt.)  /symbolic adj.

健康 health n. /healthy adj.

兴旺 prosperous adj. / prosperity n.

礼物 present/gift

外国的 foreign/ 外国人 foreigner/ 外国友人 foreign friends

据说、传说 It is said that …

爱国的 patriotic/爱国主义 patriotism

风味、味道 flavor

革命性的 revolutionary

大大促进 contribute greatly to …

文明 civilization /文明的 civilized

费时的 time-consuming

节约时间的 time-saving

浪费时间的 time-wasting

文化交流 cultural communication / exchange/ interchange

中华民族 Chinese people

16世纪 the 16th century

节日 holiday/假期 vacation

正月十五 the fifteenth/15th day of the first/1st month of the lunar calendar (农历)

风俗/习俗 custom

惯例 convention

有差别 vary vi.

eg. Cooking skills and ingredients vary greatly in different places of China.

场合 occasion  n. /偶尔的 occasional adj.

团聚/聚会gather vi. (拜托你不要写成together, together 是副词或形容词)

团圆   reunion n. / gathering n.

每年的 annual adj.

清除厄运 sweep away ill fortune

好运 good luck/ fortune

对联 couplets

主题 themes

走亲访友 visit relatives and friends

古老的 ancient

神秘的 mysterious

包含 include vt.

放鞭炮 lighting firecrackers

红包 money in red envelops

神秘 mystery n.

作为世界的第三大国 as the third largest country in the world

多样的various  /a variety of = diverse

无数的 countless/numerous

自然景观  natural landscapes/ attractions/ sceneries/ sights

特有的 distinctive

除……以外 in addition to …= apart from …

丰富的 abundant/ample/plentiful

矿产资源 mineral resources

拥有众多人口 has a large population

改革开放:opening-up reform

合资企业:joint venture

私营企业:private enterprise

购买力:purchasing power

通货膨胀:inflation

附加值的:value-added

稳健的货币政策:a prudent monetary policy

预算:budget

资金:capital

社会福利:social welfare

财政的:fiscal

经济调节:economic regulation

公平竞争:fair competition

收支平衡:make ends meet

技术密集型产业:technology-intensive industry

劳动密集型产业:labor-intensive industry

“四大发明” the Four Great Inventions (of Ancient China)

独一无二的 unique /独一无二 uniqueness

2017威尼斯登陆网站 ,手工艺品handcraft/ handicraft

手工艺人handicraftsmen = people who make handcrafts

绘画 painting

曲艺 operas

刺绣 embroidery

丝绸之路 the Silk Road

影响 impact/influence/affect

介绍 introduce

传播 spread/ propagate

艺术 art  /艺术的 artistic/艺术家 artist

代表 represent/ stand for

重要的 important/ significant / vital / essential

好玩的 interesting/ funny

耐心 patience /有耐心的 patient (该词也表示病人)

练习/实践 practice

历史文物 historic relics

迷人的风光attractive / charming/ fascinating scenery/ landscapes

当地的 local

旅游景点 tourist attraction/ scenic spots

礼貌 courtesy / politeness

热情好客hospitality

少数民族 ethnic minorities

龙的传人 descendants of the dragon

祖先 ancestor

传说 legend

起源于 originate /起源 origin

起初的、开始的、原创的 original

仪式 ceremony

邻国 neighboring countries

阶层 class

诚信 honesty/诚实的 honest

表演 perform vt.  performance n.

取消 cancel /stop

参加 participate in

压岁钱 lucky money

驱除 ward off

特制的 especially-made

必修课 required/compulsory courses

民族的 national

优雅的 elegant

优美的 graceful

多彩的 colorful

记录 record n./vt.

事件  events

婚姻 marriage

结婚庆祝=婚庆 wedding celebration

祈求好运 wish a good luck/ pray for a good luck

一代一代人 generations of people

精心准备的carefully-prepared

技艺 skills/techniques

有一个共同点 have something in common

营养 nutrition/有营养的 nutritious

谷物 grains

大约about = approximately

超越surpass/ exceed

大多数a majority of …= a large proportion of …

订购order

数百万millions of …

零售商retailer

极具竞争力的exceedingly competitive

平台platform

商品goods = commodities

不少quite a few

特殊的special = distinctive

不足为奇it is no wonder that …

发源地:birthplace

文化遗址:the…culture site

象征:the symbol of…

见证、经历:witness

杰作:masterpiece

世界文化遗产名录:Lists of World Heritage

奠基者:founder

著名的:renowned

文明:civilization

吉祥物:mascot

吉利的:auspicious

纪念:commemorate

由……组成:comprise of

追溯到:date back to

继承:inherit

发扬:carry forward

传统的:traditional

特征:characteristic

独特的:unique

特产:specialty

民间的:folk

传说的:legendary

实施:implement

推行:carry out

教育体制:educational system

科教兴国:rejuvenate our country through science and education

把……放在优先发展的战略地位:place strategic priority on…

共同努力:joint effort

就业机会:job opportunity

缓解:relieve

改善:improve

辉煌的成就:brilliant achievements

初步成效:initial effect   投入使用:be put into use

自然资源丰富:rich natural resources

人才资源:human resources

重要指标:key index

使丰富enrich

着手解决问题deal with issues

  【范文】

四六级写译100个必背黄金词组

以下这100个词组就是四六级翻译和写作中最重要,最核心的表达,考前必背!

  1. at the thought of一想到…­

  2. as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论­

  3. at will 随心所欲

  4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有­

  5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解­

  6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外

Without accident(=safely) 安全地

  1. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地 ,主动地­

  2. in accord with 与…一致

out of one’s accord with 同…不一致­

  1. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地­

  2. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据­

  3. on one’s own account­

1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益­

2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责­

3) (=by oneself)依靠自己­

  1. take…into account(=consider)把..考虑进去­

  2. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由)­

  3. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明­

  4. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为

  5. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)

绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)­

  1. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about)指控,控告­

  2. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于

  3. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解

(=to have met socially) 熟悉­

  1. act on 奉行,按照…行动

act as 扮演

act for 代理­

  1. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于­

  2. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)­

  3. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之­

  4. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外­

  5. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循­

  6. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的­

  7. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;­

  8. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地。­

  9. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先­

  10. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地­

  11. have an advantage over 胜过­

have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件­

have the advantage of sb。知道某人所不知道的事­

  1. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用­

  2. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意­

  3. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致­

  4. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前­

  5. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中­

  6. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的­

  7. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计­

  8. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不;­

all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎­

  1. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到­

  2. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于。­

  3. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责。­

  4. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合。­

  5. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for­

  6. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉­

  7. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力­

  8. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请; apply for申请; apply to 适用。­

  9. apply to 与…有关;适用­

  10. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准­

  11. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起

  12. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做…­

  13. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方);

  14. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…为羞耻­

  15. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信

  16. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系 ,结­

  17. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做…­

  18. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料­

  19. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度。看法­

  20. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把...归因于..,.认为...是...的结果­

  21. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均­

  22. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道

  23. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面­

  24. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起

  25. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台­

  26. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃­

  27. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话)­

  28. be based on / upon 基于­

  29. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上­

  30. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢­

  31. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)­

  32. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义­

  33. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰­

  34. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处

  35. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处)­

  36. for the better 好转­

  37. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过

  38. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统 at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生­

  39. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人 . blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上­

  40. in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作)­

  41. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机­

  42. boast of (or about) 吹嘘­

  43. out of breath 喘不过气来­

  44. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之­

  45. in bulk 成批地,不散装的­

  46. take the floor 起立发言­

  47. on business 出差办事。­

  48. be busy with sth。于某事。 be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事­

  49. last but one 倒数第二。­

  50. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设­

  51. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买­

  52. be capable of 能够, 有能力­

be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的­

  1. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何

  2. in case (=for fear that) 万一

  3. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一­

in the case of 至于…, 就…而言­

  1. in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)­

  2. be cautious of 谨防­

  3. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上­

  4. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定。­

  5. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地­

  6. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然

最后,希望你们都可以顺利通过啦~

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  Generation Gap

  Though many aspects of our social life have been improved, the generation gap between the youths and the olders remain and even grows wider.

  In my opinion, because of the influence of individualism from western civilization, the youths do not blindly follow what the elders say, that causes the gap. The young are creative and revolutionary, always go along with the trend and like changing. While the old, accustomed to everything of the past, are hostile to change. Also with more and more different beliefs and philosophical ideas, it is natural the young hold different opinions from the old.

  I think in order to narrow the gap, both parts should try to understand and respect each other, instead of trying to change others as they wish. Diversity doesn't mean conflict so long as they hold the right attitude towards the problems.

  【译文赏析】

  代沟

  虽然我们社会生活的诸多方面,已经得到了改善,但年轻人与老年人之间的代沟仍然存在,甚至在扩大。

  依我来看,因为受西方个人主义的影响,年轻人不再盲目跟随老人们的说法,而这导致了差距。年轻人富有创造性和革新的力量,始终顺应潮流,喜欢变化。而老人们则习惯了过去的一切,不喜欢改变。同时也有越来越多的不同信仰和哲学思想,这自然造成了年轻人与老年人持有不同意见。

  我认为,想要缩小差距,双方应尽量相互理解和尊重,而不是以他们自己的意愿来试图改变别人。只要他们持有应对问题的正确态度,多元化并不意味着冲突。

  【词汇表达亮点】

  aspect n. 方面,方位

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