Section C Dictation
The first copy right law in the United States was passed by congress in 1790. In 1976, congress enacted the latest copy right law, taking into consideration the technological developments that had occurred since the passage of the copy right act of 1909. For example, in 1909 anyone who wanted to make a single copy of a literary work for personal use had to do so by hand. The very process imposed a limitation on the quantity of materials copied. Today, a photo copier can do the work in seconds. The limitation has disappeared. The 1909 Law did not provide full protection for films and sound recordings nor did it anticipate the need to protect radio and television. As a result, violations of the law and abuses of the intent of the law have lessened the financial rewards of authors, artists and producers. The 1976 copy right act has not prevented these abuses fully, but it has clarified the legal rights of the injured parties and given them an avenue for remedy. Since 1976 the act has been amended to include computer software and guidelines have been adopted for fair use of television broadcasts. These changes have cleared up much of the confusion and conflict that followed in the wake of 1976 legislation. The fine points of the law are decided by the courts and by acceptable common practice overtime. As these decisions and agreements are made, we modify our behavior accordingly. For now, we need to interpret the law and its guidelines as accurately as we can and to act in a fair manner。
Listening Comprehension nutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 shortconversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one ormore questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and thequestions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause.During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A)， B)， C) and D)， anddecide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single linethrough the centre。
M: Look atthese low prices at these fashionable TV sets. Something is fishy, don’t you think so?
W: Well, there have been a lot of robberiesrecently. Some of the stolen goods may have landed here。
Q: Whatdoes the woman imply about the low price television sets?
M: I’ve beenassigned to cover the governess speech today. What about you?
W: Nothing is grand as yours. I have to do an interview for the evening newsabout a man
with dozens of cats。
Q: What do we learn about the speakers?
3. W: Didn’t I see you going into the administrationbuilding this afternoon?
M: I needed to switch my computer class to the950 section。
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
4. W: I guess you watch the quiz showon television last night. What did you think about it?
M: Well, it’s great. The first four contestants won onlysmall prizes, but the fifth left with a
new luxury car。
Q: What does the man say about the quiz show?
5. W: I can’t find the arrival time of the New York toBoston Express on this schedule。
M: Look for New York in the left-hand column andfollow it across until you find the hour
listed in the Boston column。
Q: What are the speakers most probably doing?
6. W: You look different today, but Ican’t quiteput my finger on what it is。
M: Oh, yesterday I finally got around to thatnew barbershop in the mall and enjoyed their
Q: What can be inferred about the man?
7. W: What do you think Picasso’s painting exhibited in the city museum?
M: Personally I can’t quite see the meaning in his modern works.Most of them remind me of
the stuff my nephew brings home from thekindergarten。
Q: What does the man mean?
8. W: Rod said he wanted to get involvedin student government this year。
M: But he hasn’t gone through a single meeting, has he?
Q: What does the man imply about Rod?
M：Good morning! Madam.Can I help you?
W: Oh, I do hope so. I have to get to Manchestertoday and my own car has broken down. Do
you by any chance have a car available?
M：For how many days? Madam。
W: Three, just until the weekend。
M: And what sort of car did you have in mind?
W: Well. That depends a little bit on the price.But I normally drive a Chevrolet. Do you have